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The Romans were a people who were defined by war. They regarded themselves as a warrior people who were entrusted with a divine mission to bring civilization and peace to the world. Mars, the God of War was very important in Rome. This deity was so much more than a War-God, who granted victory. He was also the guardian of Rome and agriculture and central to the public religion of the city-state that eventually conquered much of the known world. The myths and fables surrounding God are crucial for any student of Roman history, especially its social and political history.