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[[File: Amazon 1.jpg|200px|thumb|left|Modern statue of an Amazon]]The Greeks myths remain popular because of their remarkable stories of heroes, gods, and strange peoples. Some of the most remarkable of these are the tales of the Amazons. These were a race of female warriors who were often the enemies of the Hellenes
. The Greeks were clearly fascinated by the Amazons, as seen in the many references in poetry and the many representations of the female-warriors in art.
It appears that, like many myths, the narratives about a race of martial women could have been based on fact. The Amazons' stories are important as they allow us to understand the Ancient Greek mindset and their values.
====Who were the Amazons====
References to the Amazons first appear in the ''Iliad'', composed by the legendary blind-singer Homer.<ref>Homer, Iliad (London, Penguin, 1998), p 201</ref> Many later poets and writers referred to them, especially their interactions with the Greeks and their Gods. According to the sources, the Amazons were a race of female warriors, and they were ruled by a Queen.<ref> Carabatea, M. Greek Mythology (Pergamos, Peania, 2007), p 112</ref>
====Alexander the Great and the Amazons====
Alexander IV of Macedon, better known as Alexander the Great, was a great world-conqueror in history. He made himself master of much of the known world in the 4th century BC. Many legends were told about the Macedonian, who won victories from the Danube to the Indus. In one source, entitled the ''Alexander Romance,'' the Queen Thalestris and 300 of her companions visited the Macedonian King. The Amazons hoped to have children with the great general and his men. The Queen reputedly wanted to have a daughter with the great conqueror, and she would become her heir. However, many scoffed at the claims in the ''Romance.''
====The meaning of the Amazon myths====
Myths are not just entertaining stories but typically have some significance. The Amazonian myths were important in the Greek, world as they were used to define social norms and impart values. They helped pre-scientific society to understand their world and history. The Amazon myths are often thought to express the male Greek’s elite fear of the female. Classical society believed that women had to be controlled because they were irrational and dangerous to social stability. The stories of the Amazons was, used to demonstrate the dangers inherent in uncontrolled females. Stories of female warriors and their attacks on men were part of a discourse to justify their subjugation and the continuation of male hegemony. There is no one interpretation of a myth, and the fabled battles between the Greeks and the female warriors are often seen as representing the Hellenic conquest of nature and the victory of civilization.<ref> Hornblower, S. The Oxford Classical Dictionary (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2012), p. 67</ref>