*[http://www.americanyawp.com/text/07-the-early-republic/ The American Yawp, IV. Jefferson as President], The American Yawp. Accessed Feb. 5, 2021.
*[https://www.monticello.org/site/research-and-collections/embargo-1807 Embargo of 1807], The Jefferson Monticello. Accessed Feb. 5, 2021.
*McNamara, Robert. "[https:https://www.thoughtco.com/thoughtco.com/embargo-act-of-1807-1773316 The Full Story of Thomas Jefferson's Embargo Act of 1807]", Thoughtco.com. Accessed Feb. 5, 2021.
*Wilentz, Sean. The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln, W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. (2005), pg. 131-135.