no edit summary
[[File: Ionian Revolt 1.jpg|250px|
thumb|left|Ruins of Miletus]]
The Ionian Revolt (499-493 BC) was a rebellion by Greek city-states against the Persian Empire's rule. This uprising was a serious challenge to the Persian Empire but was ultimately defeated. The Ionian Revolt nevertheless was to have a range of consequences for the Persian and the Greek Worlds.
====Greek Migration to Asia Minor during the Greek Dark Ages====
[[File: Ionian Revolt 2.jpg|
300px| thumb|left| Detail from a vase showing a Greek and Persian warrior]]
During the so-called Greek Dark Ages, many Greeks migrated to the Aegean coast of Asia Minor in Turkey.<ref> Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War I, 7</ref> Here, the Aeolians, Dorians, and Ionians, established settlements that became city-states. Ionia was the area settled by the Ionian tribes, and it was composed of twelve cities. They were independent, but they shared common places of worship and regularly cooperated. Ionia became very wealthy, especially Miletus, and it was in the 6th century the most important cultural center in the Greek World. <ref>Holland, Tom. Persian Fire: The First World Empire and the Battle for the West (London, Doubleday, 2006), p 87</ref>
====The Ionian Revolt====
[[File: Ionian Three.jpg|
200px| thumb|left| Darius I from a bad relief in modern-day Iran]]
Aristagoras knew that the Persians would not accept Ionian independence and that Darius would swiftly seek to re-conquer the region with a huge army. In desperation, he traveled to Sparta to secure help from the most powerful state in Greece. When it refused, he traveled around Greece, seeking men, money, and ships. Only the Athenians and the Eretians agreed to provide help to the Ionian rebels whom they regarded as their fellow kin.<ref>Herodotus, v, 114</ref>
====Impact on Ionia====
[[File: Ionian four.jpg|200px|
thumb|left| 18th-century painting of the great Ionian philosopher Heraclitus]]
The Greek-city states managed to recover quickly, and they were soon able to secure a great level of autonomy. The Persian Empire was decentralized, and they did not seek to rule the Ionians directly.<ref>Herodotus, v, 119</ref> It was a tributary Empire and did not want to conquer lands and peoples but demanded that they pay taxes and provide their Satraps with soldiers and ships when requested.
*Greaves, Alan M. "Miletus" <i>The Classical Review</i> 53, no. 1 (2003): 137-139.
*Wiesehöfer, Josef. "Greeks and Persians." <i>A Companion to Archaic Greece</i> (2009): 162-185.