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[[File:Life of St. Edmund, Barbarians Invading England, c 1130.JPG|thumbnail|
600px|left|Figure 1. The time of St. Edmund, who was an East Anglia king who died at the hands of the Viking invasions of England.]]
The Viking, or more accurately Danish and Norsemen, invasions of England in the 9th century CE (865) helped lead to what ultimately would become the united country of England. Before 865, England was divided into four or sometimes more countries, populated by Angles and Saxons (or Anglo-Saxons). Wales and Cornwall were also occupied by the remaining Britons, who were the pre-Roman population of the British Isles.