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The Bronze Age Economy and Trade Top Ten Booklist

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This list concentrates on the economy of [[File: The Amarna Letters.jpg|thumbnail|left|300px|''The Amarna Letters'' by William Moran]]During the Bronze Age, as it was an important element that helped link the economies of the ancient Near East with the became linked to broader ancient Old World in Central Asia, India, and Europe through long-distance commerce. This trade helped facilitate emerging patterns of consumerism, entrepreneurial spirit, and the spread of the alphabet and other social ideas. The economy, however, seems alien to us as it was complex and had many aspects to it, spanning from elites in palaces and temples to common urban and nomadic households.
'''''The Temple Economies'''''
'''''Palaces and Trade'''''
[[File: The Amarna Letters.jpg|thumbnail|''The Amarna Letters'' by William Moran]]
2. Moran, William L. 1992. ''[ The Amarna Letters]'' Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
==Households and Daily Economy==
3. Goddeeris, Anne. 2002. '''''<i>[ Economy and Society in Northern Babylonia in the Early Old Babylonian Period (ca. 2000-1800 BC)]''''' </i> Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 109. Leuven ; Sterling, Va. : Leuven: Peeters ; Dép. Oosterse Studies.
The book looks at different aspects of the Babylonian economy, including on how key day-to-day aspects functioned. The emphasis is on how households managed their affairs, from loans, to marriages, litigations, and inheritance issues. Aspects of ownership and land, including in agriculture or other resources owned are presented.
Nomadic pastoralism made a critical contribution to the Near East economy in the Bronze Age. Often tribal groups would create social connections, through marriage or blood ties, with urban dwellers. This gave urban dwellers and nomads the opportunity to either become nomadic or an urban dweller, while also helping to create social links critical for trade and exchange. Nomads often carried items across the Near East, such as textiles, while they also utilized goods found in cities such as agricultural products. This symbiotic relationship allowed both types of lifestyles, urbanism and nomadism, to thrive.
==Trade Colonies==
6. Barjamovic, Gojko. 2011. '''''[ A Historical Geography of Anatolia in the Old Assyrian Colony Period]'''''. CNI Publications 38. Copenhagen: Carsten Niebuhr Institute of Near Eastern Studies, University of Copenhagen : Museum Tusculanum Press.
This book covers the Old Assyrian trade colonies, which dominated central Anatolia in the late 3rd and early 2nd millennium BC. The book covers the geography of key colony sites and discusses the nature of trade across the geography, with caravans of textiles, silver, gold, and other commodities being traded. This period is critical to understanding how private households setup in colonies in foreign places and through multiple generations of families they maintained a long-distance trade connection that catalyzed commerce in northern Mesopotamia and Anatolia.
==International Trade==
10. Cline, Eric H. 1994. '''''[ Sailing the Wine-Dark Sea: International Trade and the Late Bronze Age]''''' Aegean BAR International Series 591. Oxford: Tempus Reparatum.
The Late Bronze Age (c. 1500-1200 BC) was a period of international trade relations between the Mediterranean world and the Near East. The trade connected and saw the exchange of goods from Central Asia to the middle Mediterranean. The nexus of this trade was the Levantine coast where ships moved luxury goods such as ivory, perfumes, copper, tine, bronzes, glass, precious stones, wine, oils, and other objects. The Uluburun shipwreck is an example of the types of ships and contained the types of cargo exemplary of this trade.
[[Category:Booklists]] [[Category:Bronze Age History]] [[Category:Ancient History]][[Category:History Booklists]][[Category:Expert Booklists]]
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