In 1877, Queen Victoria, on the advice of her imperialist Prime Minister Disraeli took the title of Empress of India. This title was an exert control of India by the British government and symbolize British authority. Successive British monarchs held the title of Emperor of India until 1948.
Reorganisation of Indian government====
[[File: Mutiny 5.jpg|200px|thumb|left|A drawing of a scene from the siege of Lucknow]]
Prior to the mutiny, the government of Indian was technically in the hands of the East India Company and they were responsible for many aspects of the state. The Sepoy rebellion showed that the Company was no longer able to cope with the demands of ruling such a vast and diverse area. Under the government of India Act (1858) the company was stripped of its remaining power, its army disbanded, and its assets liquidated. London was to directly govern India and the office of the Viceroy of India was established. The law also set up the Indian civil service and reorganized the old East India Company military forces, which was incorporated into the regular British Indian army. After the defeat of the rebels, the British recruited more men from minorities such as the Gurkhas and the Sikhs, as they believed that they would be more dependable and loyal than Muslims and Hindus. Perhaps the most significant aspect of the reforms in the aftermath of the Mutiny or rebellion was that the British were more willing to cooperate with the traditional native elites. Increasingly they were willing to allow the Hindu and Muslims princes to stay in power as long as they were loyal to the colonists <ref>Hibbert, 1980</ref> . After the Mutiny the Princely states were integrated into the system of government and they retained a great deal of autonomy. No longer was their land threatened and the right of their heirs to succeed them was implicitly recognized. The British opened up a number of Universities to educate high-caste Indians, who later became civil servants. However, there were limits to this policy and the civil service continues to be dominated by white Europeans. There was also a deliberate policy of refraining from free-market reforms and of respecting the traditional economic elite. This was done to win the support of members of the elite, but it may have resulted in slow economic growth and increasing poverty<ref>Hibbert, 1980</ref> .
====End of attempts at Westernisation====