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====Differences between Sharia and Western legal systems====
First, in the Muslim world, the Sharia is not confined to purely religious matters. On the one hand, it aims at equally regulating individuals’ relationship with their neighbors and the state, and on the other - with God and their conscience. The Islamic law also is concerned as much with ethical standards and ritual practices, as with a wide variety of “secular” legal issues, ranging from inheritance, marriage, divorce, contracts, and criminal punishments. Therefore, the Sharia should not be mistaken for merely a general system of law. Instead, it ought to be considered a far more comprehensive code of behavior that embraces both private and public activities. The
The second significant distinction between the Sharia and Western legal systems is the result of the Islamic concept of law as an expression of the divine will. The line between
the religious and secular obligations is not as well-established in the Muslim world, as it is in the Western countries. In the United States, there is a clear distinction between church and state that is written into the Constitution, but this distinction is not as defined in Islam .
====Origins and early historical development of Sharia====
The first Muslim community established under the leadership of the Prophet Muhammad at Medina in 622, the Quranic revelations laid basic dawn standards of conduct. But the Quran is in no sense a comprehensive legal code. No more than 80 verses deal with strictly legal matters. Their general effect is to modify the existing Arabian customary law in certain important particulars.<ref>The Origins of Islamic Law & Development of the Sharia: Family, Criminal Law, and procedures - http://www.crf-usa.org/america-responds-to-terrorism/the-origins-of-islamic-law.html</ref>